As we celebrate World Heritage Day today, it is worth recalling some of the most marvellous heritage web pages in the state of Maharashtra which hosts 5 of the total 38 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The state of Maharashtra has the distinction of hosting the highest quantity of World Heritage Sites as compared to any other state of the nation. All the 5 UNESCO web pages in the state have intertwined layers of history and culture with special imprints of architectural design and style. Dr. Tejas Garge, who is Director of the Directorate of Archeology and Museums says that the state has lots of more web pages which have the possible to be nominated for UNESCO World Heritage Sites such as Maratha forts, Lonar Lake amongst other people. Truly, the coastal state hosts a massive quantity of heritage web pages which require to be brought on the world stage but for now let’s look at the 5 UNESCO recognised states.
The 32 rock-reduce Buddhist cave monument lies in the Aurangabad district of the state with couple of cave monuments dated back to as early as 2nd century BC. A massive quantity of cave monuments at the internet site also date back to the strong Gupta empire(5th-6th Century AD). The paintings drawn on the walls of the Ajanta caves in spite of becoming more than 2000 years old are entirely intact which is a witness to the excellent of material utilized in the paintings and very skilled artisans of that time. Some of the most elemental and profound Buddhist monumental structures also leave the guests dumbstruck. Ajanta caves arguably is deemed to be one of the greatest cave structures of the nation. The caves uncover mention in various accounts of the Chinese Buddhist scholars who visited India as India used to be the hub of Buddhist religion and scholarship in the ancient instances.
Despite becoming pointed out in various accounts, the caves could not be found in the area till a British officer in the year 1819 stumbled upon it. UNESCO recognised the Ajanta Caves as a World Heritage Site in the year 1983. The internet site is pretty properly connected with the two most crucial cities of the state-Pune and Mumbai- by means of roadways and railways.
The Ellora Caves are also situated in the Aurangabad district of the state and is at a distance of only one hundred kilometres from the Ajanta Caves. The caves and other monuments at the internet site are dated back to a period amongst 600 A.D. and 1000 A.D. The caves have monuments of all the 3 main faiths of ancient India- Jainism, Brahmanism and Buddhism- side by side. The Ellora caves also have been granted the UNESCO World Heritage Site in the year 1983.
The Elephanta Caves which are also famously identified as the ‘City of caves’ are related with the cult worship of Lord Shiva. The Rock art boasts of exquisite carvings of Hindu mythological components on the walls of the caves along with hosting a massive quantity of monolithic such as the 20 feet Trimurti Sadashiva (Three-faced Shiva), Nataraja (the Lord of Dance) amongst lots of other people. The caves have been found the Portuguese colonisers who named the caves Elephanta caves right after locating the elephant statues on the caves. In the year 1909, the British officials began efforts to arrest the harm of the caves. In 1987, the Elephanta caves have been also recognised as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. In terms of ease of access, the Elephanta Caves are at a pretty tiny distance of about 25 kilometre from the state capital and can be reached conveniently by road.
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus (Formerly identified as Victoria Terminus)
Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus Station was recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage internet site in the year 2004 as the creating is a splendid instance of the Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in the nation. Designed by British architect F. W. Stevens, the Chhratrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus has come to turn into one of the defining monuments of the Mumbai city.
The building of the creating lasted more than a decade right after its building started in the year 1878. Apart from the High Victorian Gothic design and style forming the base for the creating, a quantity of Indian ancient architectural influences also can be traced to this iconic creating as apart from a quantity of British architects, a quantity of Indian artisans and masons laid their services for the building of the creating. The monument is pretty conveniently accessible as passengers arriving at the Railway station at the onset of their tour are capable to take a look at the iconic creating.
Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai
In the later half of the 19th century, an urban preparing project was ensued in Mumbai which led to the improvement of a series of buildings close to the Oval Maidan. The foundation of these public buildings was laid in the Victorian Gothic and Neo-Gothic designs of architecture having said that in the 20th century, the components of the Art-Deco idiom also discovered a location in some of these buildings. A host of Indian components in tune with the climate and topography of the area have been also assimilated in the Victorian Neo-Gothic ensemble such as the balconies and open verandas.
At present one can uncover an array of Victorian Gothic buildings on the Eastern side of the Oval Maidan when the Art-Deco buildings are positioned on the Western side of the Oval Maidan. The internet site was added in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites most not too long ago in the year 2018. Tourists going to the Mumbai city can conveniently attain the internet site as it is about 22 km from the most important components of the city.